Ho Chi Minh (alias Nguyen Sinh Cung, Nguyen Tat Thanh, and Nguyen Ai Quoc), was born on 19 May 1890 in Kim Lien Village, Nam Dan District, Nghe An Province.
His father was a patriotic scholar, his mother was a farmer. His older sister and brother both took part in the anti-French movements and were imprisoned by the colonial administration.
On 3 June 1911, Ho Chi Minh left the country. He lived on doing different jobs. He also participated in the revolutionary movements of many peoples while making great efforts to struggle for his nation’s independence and freedom. Ho Chi Minh was the first Vietnamese supporter to the Russian October Revolution and found the Marxism-Leninism the way to liberate the working class and peoples in colonial countries. In 1920, he took part in establishing the French Communist Party in the Tour Congress. In 1921, he founded the Union of French Colonial Nations; published the newspaper Le Paria in France (1922). In 1923, he became a member of the International Peasantry Committee. In 1924, he attended the Fifth Congress of Communist International and was appointed a standing member of the Oriental Department. In 1925, he participated in establishing the Union of Asian Oppressed Nations, and published the two famous books, The Indictment of French Colonialism (1925) and The Revolutionary Path (1927).
In 1925, he founded the Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth Association in Guangzhou (China) and organized “Communist League” as the core of the association, training communist cadres to lead the association and popularize Marxism-Leninism in Vietnam.
On 3 February 1930, he presided the Party Founding Conference in Jiulong (Hong Kong). The Conference approved the Brief Political Platform, Brief Policy and the Party Statutes drafted by Ho Chi Minh. He gave an appeal on the occasion of the Communist Party of Vietnam (later renamed the Indochina Communist Party, the Vietnam Workers’ Party and nowadays the Communist Party of Vietnam).
From 1930 to 1940, Ho Chi Minh engaged in activities to liberate the Vietnamese nationand other oppressed peoples under difficult conditions and hardships.
In 1941, he returned Vietnam, convening the 8th Conference of the Central Committee of the Indochina Communist Party, deciding the way for national salvation, establishing the Vietnamese Independent Alliance Association (Viet Minh), building armed forces and revolutionary bases, leading the people to launch the uprisings and prepare the general insurrection to seize power throughout the country.
After the August 1945 Revolution, on 2 September 1945, at Ba Dinh Square, Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence to establish the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; organized the free nationwide general selection to elect the National Assembly and approved the first democratic Constitution of Vietnam. The First National Assembly appointed Ho Chi Minh as the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam 91946).
Together with the Party Central Committee, President Ho Chi Minh appealed and lead the whole Party, the entire people and army to defeat all schemes of the imperialists, protecting and strengthening the revolutionary government.
On 13 December 1946, he gave the appeal to raise the anti-French resistance war for the sake of national independence and freedom.
Under the leadership of the Central Party Committee, headed by President Ho Chi Minh, our resistance war won a resounding victory at Dien Bien Phu (1954).
After the Northern part of Vietnam was liberated (1955), the Party Central Committee and President Ho Chi Minh put forward the two strategic tasks for the Vietnamese revolution: carrying out the socialist revolution and building socialism in the North; and struggling to liberate the South and reunify the country, fulfilling the people’s national democratic revolution in the whole country.
With the Party Central Committee, President Ho Chi Minh guided the great resistance war of the Vietnamese people to fight against the American aggressors as well as led the cause of socialist renewal and construction in North Vietnam.
President Ho Chi Minh creatively applied Marxism-Leninism into Vietnam’s specific conditions, setting up the sound guidelines to lead the Vietnamese evolution to greater victories.
He was the founder of the Marxist-Leninist party in Vietnam of the Vietnamese National Unity Front, of the Vietnamese people’s army and of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, greatly contributing to strengthen international unity. He was a bright example of collectivism, sense of organization and revolutionary virtues.
President Ho Chi Minh was the great master of the Vietnamese revolution, the beloved leader of the Vietnamese working class and the entire nation, an eminent soldier, a brilliant activist of the international communist and national liberation movements.